PRACTICE QUESTIONS ANSWER & RATIONALS





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[Q.NO.1 -100 ]


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 1. Answer B is correct. 
The client with passive-aggressive personality disorder often has underlying hostility that is exhibited as acting-out behavior. Answers A, C, and D are incorrect. Although these individuals might have a high IQ, it cannot be said that they have superior intelligence. They also do not necessarily have dependence on others or an inability to share feelings. 





2. Answer A is correct. Clients with antisocial personality disorder must have limits set on their behavior because they are artful in manipulating others. Answer B is not correct because they do express feelings and remorse. Answers C and D are incorrect because it is unnecessary to minimize interactions with others or encourage them to act out rage more than they already do. 






3. Answer C is correct.

 To prevent the client from inducing vomiting after eating, the client should be observed for 1–2 hours after meals. Allowing privacy as stated in answer A will only give the client time to vomit. Praising the client for eating all of a meal does not correct the psychological aspects of the disease; thus, answer B is incorrect. Encouraging the client to choose favorite foods might increase stress and the chance of choosing foods that are low in calories and fats so D is not correct. 






4. Answer B is correct. The 4-year-old is more prone to accidental poisoning because children at this age are much more mobile. Answers A, C, and D are incorrect because the 6-month-old is still too small to be extremely mobile, the 12-year-old has begun to understand risk, and the 13-year-old is also aware that injuries can occur and is less likely to become injured than the 4-year-old. 





5. Answer B is correct. Parallel play is play that is demonstrated by two children playing side by side but not together. The play in answers A and C is participative play because the children are playing together. The play in answer D is solitary play because the mother is not playing with Mary. 











6. Answer B is correct. 

The first action that the nurse should take when beginning to examine the infant is to listen to the heart and lungs. If the nurse elicits the Babinski reflex, palpates the abdomen, or looks in the child’s ear first, the child will begin to cry and it will be difficult to obtain an objective finding while listening to the heart and lungs. Therefore, answers A, C, and D are incorrect. 






7. Answer B is correct. 


A 2-year-old is expected only to use magical thinking, such as believing that a toy bear is a real bear. Answers A, C, and D are not expected until the child is much older. Abstract thinking, conservation of matter, and the ability to look at things from the perspective of others are not skills for small children. 




8. Answer C is correct. Children at 24 months can verbalize their needs. Answers A and B are incorrect because children at 24 months understand yes and no, but they do not understand the meaning of all words. Answer D is incorrect; asking “why?” comes later in development.








9. Answer D is correct. Urokinase is a thrombolytic used to destroy a clot following a myocardial infraction. If the client exhibits overt signs of bleeding, the nurse should stop the medication, call the doctor immediately, and prepare the antidote, which is Amicar. Answer B is not correct because simply stopping the urokinase is not enough. In answer A, vitamin K is not the antidote for urokinase, and reducing the urokinase, as stated in answer B, is not enough. 







10. Answer A is correct. The client taking calcium preparations will frequently develop constipation. Answers B, C, and D do not apply. 






11. Answer C is correct. 

C indicates a lack of understanding of the correct method of administering heparin. A, B, and D indicate understanding and are, therefore, incorrect answers. 
12. Answer C is correct.
 If the finger cannot be used, the next best place to apply the oxygen monitor is the earlobe. It can also be placed on the forehead, but the choices in answers A, B, and D will not provide the needed readings. 






13. Answer A is correct. The client is exhibiting a widened pulse pressure, tachycardia, and tachypnea. The next action after obtaining these vital signs is to notify the doctor for additional orders. Rechecking the vital signs, as in answer B, is wasting time. The doctor may order arterial blood gases and an ECG. 





14. Answer C is correct. The client with a femoral popliteal bypass graft should avoid activities that can occlude the femoral artery graft. Sitting in the straight chair and wearing tight clothes are prohibited for this reason. Resting in a supine position, resting in a recliner, or sleeping in right Sim’s are allowed, as stated in answers A, B, and D. 






15. Answer A is correct. The best time to apply antithrombolytic stockings is in the morning before rising. If the doctor orders them later in the day, the client should return to bed, wait 30 minutes, and apply the stockings. Answers B, C, and D are incorrect because there is likely to be more peripheral edema if the client is standing or has just taken a bath; before retiring in the evening is wrong because late in the evening, more peripheral edema will be present. 






16. Answer C is correct. The client admitted 1 hour ago with shortness of breath should be seen first because this client might require oxygen therapy. The client in answer A with an oxygen saturation of 99% is stable. Answer B is incorrect because this client will have some inflammatory process after surgery, so a temperature of 100.2°F is not unusual. The client in answer D is stable and can be seen later. 







17. Answer A is correct. The best roommate for the post-surgical client is the client with hypothyroidism. This client is sleepy and has no infectious process. Answers B, C, and D are incorrect because the client with a diabetic ulcer, ulcerative colitis, or pneumonia can transmit infection to the post-surgical client. 






18. Answer C is correct. The client taking an anticoagulant should not take aspirin because it will further increase bleeding. He should return to have a Protime drawn for bleeding time, report a rash, and use an electric razor. Therefore, answers A, B, and D are incorrect.










19. Answer B is correct. Because the aorta is clamped during surgery, the blood supply to the kidneys is impaired. This can result in renal damage. A urinary output of 20mL is oliguria. In answer A, the pedal pulses that are thready and regular are within normal limits. For answer C, it is desirable for the client’s blood pressure to be slightly low after surgical repair of an aneurysm. The oxygen saturation of 97% in answer D is within normal limits and, therefore, incorrect. 







20. Answer D is correct. When assisting the client with bowel and bladder training, the least helpful factor is the sexual function. Dietary history, mobility, and fluid intake are important factors; these must be taken into consideration because they relate to constipation, urinary function, and the ability to use the urinal or bedpan. Therefore, answers A, B, and C are incorrect. 





21. Answer B is correct. To correctly measure the client for crutches, the nurse should measure approximately 3 inches under the axilla. Answer A allows for too much distance under the arm. The elbows should be flexed approximately 35°, not 10°, as stated in answer C. The crutches should be approximately 6 inches from the side of the foot, not 20 inches, as stated in answer D. 







22. Answer C is correct. The temporal lobe is responsible for taste, smell, and hearing. The occipital lobe is responsible for vision. The frontal lobe is responsible for judgment, foresight, and behavior. The parietal lobe is responsible for ideation, sensory functions, and language. Therefore, answers A, B, and D are incorrect. 






23. Answer A is correct. Damage to the hypothalamus can result in an elevated temperature because this portion of the brain helps to regulate body temperature. Answers B, C, and D are incorrect because there is no data to support the possibility of an infection, a cooling blanket might not be required, and the frontal lobe is not responsible for regulation of the body temperature. 






24. Answer A is correct. 

A low-protein diet is required because protein breaks down into nitrogenous waste and causes an increased workload on the kidneys. Answers B, C, and D are incorrect. 





25. Answer B is correct. 

To safely administer heparin, the nurse should obtain an infusion controller. Too rapid infusion of heparin can result in hemorrhage. Answers A, C, and D are incorrect. It is not necessary to have a buretrol, an infusion filter, or a threeway stop-cock. 






26. Answer A is correct. 

If the blood pressure cuff is too small, the result will be a blood pressure that is a false elevation. Answers B, C, and D are incorrect. If the blood pressure cuff is too large, a false low will result. Answers C and D have basically the same meaning. 






27. Answer B is correct. The child with nephotic syndrome will exhibit extreme edema. Elevating the scrotum on a small pillow will help with the edema. Applying ice is contraindicated; heat will increase the edema. Administering a diuretic might be ordered, but it will not directly help the scrotal edema. Therefore, answers A, C, and D are incorrect.






28. Answer A is correct. The elevated white blood cell count should be reported because this indicates infection. A bruit will be heard if the client has an aneurysm, and a negative Babinski is normal in the adult, as are pupils that are equal and reactive to light and accommodation; thus, answers B, C, and D are incorrect. 






29. Answer A is correct. 
If the nurse cannot elicit the patella reflex (knee jerk), the client should be asked to pull against the palms. This helps the client to relax the legs and makes it easier to get an objective reading. Answers B, C, and D will not help with the test. 






30. Answer B is correct. 

If the doctor orders 0.4mgm IM and the drug is available in 0.8/1mL, the nurse should make the calculation: ?mL = 1mL / 0.8mgm;  × .4mg / 1 = 0.5m:. Answers A, C, and D are incorrect. 





31. Answer B is correct. The pulmonary artery pressure will measure the pressure during systole, diastole, and the mean pressure in the pulmonary artery. It will not measure the pressure in the left ventricle, the pressure in the pulmonary veins, or the pressure in the right ventricle. Therefore, answers A, C, and D are incorrect. 






32. Answer A is correct. The normal central venous pressure is 5–10cm of water. A reading of 2cm is low and should be reported. Answers B, C, and D indicate that the nurse believes that the reading is too high and is incorrect.






 33. Answer C is correct. The treatment for ventricular tachycardia is lidocaine. A precordial thump is sometimes successful in slowing the rate, but this should be done only if a defibrillator is available. In answer A, atropine sulfate will speed the rate further; in answer B, checking the potassium is indicated but is not the priority; and in answer D, defibrillation is used for pulseless ventricular tachycardia or ventricular fibrillation. Also, defibrillation should begin at 200 joules and be increased to 360 joules. 





34. Answer B is correct. The client should be asked to perform the Valsalva maneuver while the chest tube is being removed. This prevents changes in pressure until an occlusive dressing can be applied. Answers A and C are not recommended, and sneezing is difficult to perform on command. 






35. Answer D is correct. The potassium level of 2.5meq/L is extremely low. The normal is 3.5–5.5meq/L. Lasix (furosemide) is a nonpotassium sparing diuretic, so answer A is incorrect. The nurse cannot alter the doctor’s order, as stated in answer B, and answer C will not help with this situation. 





36. Answer A is correct.

 An occult blood test should be done periodically to detect any intestinal bleeding on the client with Coumadin therapy. Answers B, C, and D are not directly related to the question. 





37. Answer D is correct. After administering any subcutaneous anticoagulant, the nurse should check the site for bleeding. Answers A and C are incorrect because aspirating and massaging the site are not done. Checking the pulse is not necessary, as in answer B.







38. Answer C is correct. Acupuncture uses needles, and because HIV is transmitted by blood and body fluids, the nurse should question this treatment. Answer A describes acupressure, and answers B and D describe massage therapy with the use of oils. 





39. Answer B is correct. The fifth vital sign is pain. Nurses should assess and record pain just as they would temperature, respirations, pulse, and blood pressure. Answers A, C, and D are included in the charting but are not considered to be the fifth vital sign and are, therefore, incorrect. 






40. Answer A is correct. Narcan is the antidote for the opoid analgesics. Toradol (answer B) is a nonopoid analgesic; aspirin (answer C) is an analgesic, anticoagulant, and antipyretic; and atropine (answer D) is an anticholengergic. 





41. Answer B is correct. The client is concerned about overdosing himself. The machine will deliver a set amount as ordered and allow the client to self-administer a small amount of medication. PCA pumps usually are set to lock out the amount of medication that the client can give himself at 5- to 15-minute intervals. Answer A does not address the client’s concerns, answer C is incorrect, and answer D does not address the client’s concerns. 





42. Answer B is correct. Skin irritation can occur if the TENS unit is used for prolonged periods of time. To prevent skin irritations, the client should change the location of the electrodes often. Electrocution is not a risk because it uses a battery pack; thus, answer A is incorrect. Answer C is incorrect because the unit should not be used on sensitive areas of the body. Answer D is incorrect because no creams are to be used with the device. 






43. Answer B is correct. 

An advanced directive allows the client to make known his wishes regarding care if he becomes unable to act on his own. Much confusion regarding life-saving measures can occur if the client does not have an advanced directive. Answers A, C, and D are incorrect because the nurse doesn’t need to know about funeral plans and cannot make decisions for the client, and active euthanasia is illegal in most states in the United States. 





44. Answer B is correct. To decrease the potential for soreness of the nipples, the client should be taught to break the suction before removing the baby from the breast. Answer A is incorrect because feeding the baby during the first 48 hours after delivery will provide colostrum but will not help the soreness of the nipples. Answers C and D are incorrect because applying hot, moist soaks several times per day might cause burning of the breast and cause further drying. Wearing a support bra will help with engorgement but will not help the nipples. 




45. Answer D is correct. Facial grimace is an indication of pain. The blood pressure in answer A is within normal limits. The client’s inability to concentrate and dilated pupils, as stated in answers B and C, may be related to the anesthesia that he received during surgery. 





46. Answer C is correct. Epidural anesthesia involves injecting an anesthetic into the epidural space. If the anesthetic rises above the respiratory center, the client will have impaired breathing; thus, monitoring for respiratory depression is necessary. Answer A, seizure activity, is not likely after an epidural. Answer B, postural hypertension, is not likely. Answer D, hematuria, is not related to epidural anesthesia.





47. Answer C is correct. Pain is a late sign of oral cancer. Answers A, B, and D are incorrect because a feeling of warmth, odor, and a flat ulcer in the mouth are all early occurrences of oral cancer. 






48. Answer A is correct. The best diagnostic tool for cancer is the biopsy. Other assessment includes checking the lymph nodes. Answers B, C, and D will not confirm a diagnosis of oral cancer. 





49. Answer A is correct. Maintaining a patient’s airway is paramount in the post-operative period. This is the priority of nursing care. Answers B, C, and D are applicable but are not the priority.  





50. Answer C is correct. H. pylori bacteria has been linked to peptic ulcers. Answers A, B, and D are not typically cultured within the stomach, duodenum, or esophagus, and are not related to the development of peptic ulcers. 






51. Answer B is correct. Individuals with ulcers within the duodenum typically complain of pain occurring 2–3 hours after a meal, as well as at night. The pain is usually relieved by eating. The pain associated with gastric ulcers, answer A, occurs 30 minutes after eating. Answer C is too vague and does not distinguish the type of ulcer. Answer D is associated with a stress ulcer. 






52. Answer B is correct.

 A barium enema is contraindicated in the client with diverticulitis because it can cause bowel perforation. Answers A, C, and D are appropriate diagnostic studies for the client with suspected diverticulitis. 







53. Answer A is correct. Clients with celiac disease should refrain from eating foods containing gluten. Foods with gluten include wheat barley, oats, and rye. The other foods are allowed. 






54. Answer A is correct. The nurse should reinforce the need for a diet balanced in all nutrients and fiber. Foods that often cause diarrhea and bloating associated with irritable bowel syndrome include fried foods, caffeinated beverages, alcohol, and spicy foods. Therefore, answers B, C, and D are incorrect. 






55. Answer C is correct. Fluid volume deficit can lead to metabolic acidosis and electrolyte loss. The other nursing diagnoses in answers A, B, and D might be applicable but are of lesser priority. 










56. Answer D is correct. Alcohol will cause extreme nausea if consumed with Flagyl. Answer A is incorrect because the full course of treatment should be taken. The medication should be taken with a full 8 oz. of water, with meals, and the client should avoid direct sunlight because he will most likely be photosensitive; therefore, answers A, B, and C are incorrect. 








57. Answer A is correct. Before beginning feedings, an x-ray is often obtained to check for placement. Aspirating stomach content and checking the pH for acidity is the best method of checking for placement. Other methods include placing the end in water and checking for bubbling, and injecting air and listening over the epigastric area. Answers B and C are not correct. Answer D is incorrect because warming in the microwave is contraindicated.








58. Answer C is correct. Antacids should be administered with other medications. If antacids are taken with many medications, they render the other medications inactive. All other answers are incorrect. 







59. Answer A is correct. The client with a colostomy can swim and carry on activities as before the colostomy. Answers B and C are incorrect, and answer D shows a lack of empathy. 








60. Answer D is correct. The use of a sitz bath will help with the pain and swelling associated with a hemorroidectomy. The client should eat foods high in fiber, so answer A is incorrect. Ice packs, as stated in answer B, are ordered immediately after surgery only. Answer C is incorrect because taking a laxative daily can result in diarrhea. 







61. Answer D is correct. Low hemoglobin and hematocrit might indicate intestinal bleeding. Answers A, B, and C are incorrect, because they do not require immediate action. 







62. Answer C is correct. The new diabetic has a knowledge deficit. Answers A, B, and D are not supported within the stem and so are incorrect. 







63. Answer D is correct. Peptic ulcers are not always related to stress but are a component of the disease. Answers A and B are incorrect because peptic ulcers are not caused by overeating or continued exposure to stress. Answer C is incorrect because peptic ulcers are related to but not directly caused by stress. 








64. Answer B is correct. Many medications can irritate the stomach and contribute to abdominal pain. For answer A, not all interactions between medications will cause abdominal pain. Although this might provide an opportunity for teaching, this is not the best time to teach. Therefore, answer C is incorrect. Answer D is incorrect because medication may not be the cause of the pain. 







65. Answer A is correct. The nurse should inspect first, then auscultate, and finally palpate. If the nurse palpates first the assessment might be unreliable. Therefore, answers B, C, and D are incorrect. 







66. Answer A is correct. The hospital will certainly honor the wishes of family members even if the patient has signed a donor card. Answer B is incorrect, answer C is not empathetic to the family and is untrue, and answer D is not good nursing etiquette and, therefore, is incorrect. 







67. Answer C is correct. The nurse should explore the cause for the lack of motivation. The client might be anemic and lack energy, or the client might be depressed. Alternating staff, as stated in answer A, will prevent a bond from being formed with the nurse. Answer B is not enough, and answer D is not necessary. 







68. Answer D is correct. The nurse who has had the chickenpox has immunity to the illness and will not transmit chickenpox to the client. Answer A is incorrect because there could be no need to reassign the nurse. Answer B is incorrect because the nurse should be assessed before coming to the conclusion that she cannot spread the infection to the client. Answer C is incorrect because there is still a risk, even though chickenpox has formed scabs.







69. Answer A is correct. The nurse should not take the blood pressure on the affected side. Also, venopunctures and IVs should not be used in the affected area. Answers B, C, and D are all indicated for caring for the client. The arm should be elevated to decrease edema. It is best to position the client on the unaffected side and perform a dextrostix on the unaffected side. 







70. Answer B is correct. Gentamycin is an aminoglycocide. These drugs are toxic to the auditory nerve and the kidneys. The hematocrit is not of significant consideration in this client; therefore, answer A is incorrect. Answer C is incorrect because we would expect the white blood cell count to be elevated in this client because gentamycin is an antibiotic. Answer D is incorrect because the erythrocyte count is also particularly significant to check. 







71. Answer C is correct. The most definitive diagnostic tool for HIV is the Western Blot. The white blood cell count, as stated in answer A, is not the best indicator, but a white blood cell count of less than 3,500 requires investigation. The ELISA test, answer B, is a screening exam. Answer D is not specific enough. 







72. Answer A is correct. The “bull’s eye” rash is indicative of Lyme’s disease, a disease spread by ticks. The signs and symptoms include elevated temperature, headache, nausea, and the rash. Although answers B and D are important, the question asked which question would be  best. Answer C has no significance. 







73. Answer C is correct. The client that needs the least-skilled nursing care is the client with the thyroidectomy 4 days ago. Answers A, B, and D are incorrect because the other clients are less stable and require a registered nurse. 








74. Answer A is correct. Hyphema is blood in the anterior chamber of the eye and around the eye. The client should have the head of the bed elevated and ice applied. Answers B, C, and D are incorrect and do not treat the problem. 







75. Answer C is correct. FeSO4 or iron should be given with ascorbic acid (vitamin C). This helps with the absorption. It should not be given with meals or milk because this decreases the absorption; thus, answers A and B are incorrect. Giving it undiluted, as stated in answer D, is not good because it tastes bad. 







76. Answer C is correct. The best protector for the client with an ileostomy to use is stomahesive. Answer A is not correct because the bag will not seal if the client uses Karaya powder. Answer B is incorrect because there is no need to irrigate an ileostomy. Neosporin, answer D, is not used to protect the skin because it is an antibiotic. 







77. Answer D is correct. Vitamin K is given after delivery because the newborn’s intestinal tract is sterile and lacks vitamin K needed for clotting. Answer A is incorrect because vitamin K is not directly given to stop hemorrhage. Answers B and C are incorrect because vitamin K does not prevent infection or replace electrolytes. 







78. Answer D is correct. The vital signs should be taken before any chemotherapy agent. If it is an IV infusion of chemotherapy, the nurse should check the IV site as well. Answers B and C are incorrect because it is not necessary to check the electrolytes or blood gasses.






79. Answer C is correct. Before chemotherapy, an antiemetic should be given because most chemotherapy agents cause nausea. It is not necessary to give a bolus of IV fluids, medicate for pain, or allow the client to eat; therefore, answers A, B, and D are incorrect. 







80. Answer B is correct. Pitocin is used to cause the uterus to contract and decrease bleeding. A uterus deviated to the left, as stated in answer A, indicates a full bladder. It is not desirable to have a boggy uterus, making answer C incorrect. This lack of muscle tone will increase bleeding. Answer D is incorrect because Pitocin does not affect the position of the uterus. 






81. Answer A is correct. Household contacts should take INH approximately 6 months. Answers B, C, and D are incorrect because they indicate either too short or too long of a time to take the medication. 






82. Answer C is correct. Viokase is a pancreatic enzyme that is used to facilitate digestion. It should be given with meals and snacks, and it works well in foods such as applesauce. Answers A, B, and D are incorrect. 







83. Answer B is correct. Trough levels are the lowest blood levels and should be done 30 minutes before the third IV dose or 30 minutes before the fourth IM dose. Answers A, C, and D are incorrect. 







84. Answer A is correct. Regular insulin should be drawn up before the NPH. They can be given together, so there is no need for two injections, making answer D incorrect. Answer B is obviously incorrect, and answer C is incorrect because it certainly does matter which is drawn first: Contamination of NPH into regular insulin will result in a hypoglycemic reaction at unexpected times. 






85. Answer A is correct. Clients having dye procedures should be assessed for allergies to iodine or shellfish. Answers B and D are incorrect because there is no need for the client to be assessed for reactions to blood or eggs. Because an IV cholangiogram is done to detect gallbladder disease, there is no need to ask about answer C. 










86. Answer A is correct. Methergine is a drug that causes uterine contractions. It is used for postpartal bleeding that is not controlled by Pitocin. Answers B, C, and D are incorrect: Stadol is an analgesic; magnesium sulfate is used for preeclampsia; and phenergan is an antiemetic. 







87. Answer D is correct. Cyclosporin is an immunosuppressant, and the client with a liver transplant will be on immunosuppressants for the rest of his life. Answers A, B, and C, then, are incorrect. 








88. Answer C is correct. Histamine blockers are frequently ordered for clients who are hospitalized for prolonged periods and who are in a stressful situation. They are not used to treat discomfort, correct electrolytes, or treat nausea; therefore, answers A, B, and D are incorrect. 






89. Answer C is correct. The time of onset for regular insulin is 30–60 minutes. Answers A, B, and D are incorrect because they are not the correct times.









90. Answer C is correct. The client should be taught to eat his meals even if he is not hungry, to prevent a hypoglycemic reaction. Answers A, B, and D are incorrect because they indicate knowledge of the nurse’s teaching. 







91. Answer D is correct. Taking antibiotics and oral contraceptives together decreases the effectiveness of the oral contraceptives. Answers A, B, and C are not necessarily true. 







92. Answer D is correct. Taking corticosteroids in the morning mimics the body’s natural release of cortisol. Answer A is not necessarily true, and answers B and C are not true. 






93. Answer B is correct. Rifampin can change the color of the urine and body fluid. Teaching the client about these changes is best because he might think this is a complication. Answer A is not necessary, answer C is not true, and answer D is not true because this medication should be taken regularly during the course of the treatment. 









94. Answer D is correct. Cytoxan can cause hemorrhagic cystitis, so the client should drink at least eight glasses of water a day. Answers A and B are not necessary and, so, are incorrect. Nausea often occurs with chemotherapy, so answer C is incorrect. 









95. Answer A is correct. Crystals in the solution are not normal and should not be administered to the client. Discard the bad solution immediately. Answer B is incorrect because warming the solution will not help. Answer C is incorrect, and answer D requires a doctor’s order. 







96. Answer C is correct. Theodur is a bronchodilator, and a side effect of bronchodilators is tachycardia, so checking the pulse is important. Extreme tachycardia should be reported to the doctor. Answers A, B, and D are not necessary. 





97. Answer B is correct. The diagnosis of meningitis at age 6 months correlates to a diagnosis of cerebral palsy. Cerebral palsy, a neurological disorder, is often associated with birth trauma or infections of the brain or spinal column. Answers A, C and D are not related to the question. 





98. Answer B is correct. Children at 18 months of age like push-pull toys. Children at approximately 3 years of age begin to dress themselves and build a tower of eight blocks. At age four, children can copy a horizontal or vertical line. Therefore, answers A, C, and D are incorrect. 







99. Answer D is correct. A complication of a tonsillectomy is bleeding, and constant swallowing may indicate bleeding. Decreased appetite is expected after a tonsillectomy, as is a low-grade temperature; thus, answers A and B are incorrect. In answer C, chest congestion is not normal but is not associated with the tonsillectomy. 





100. Answer C is correct. Hyperplasia of the gums is associated with Dilantin therapy. Answer A is not related to the therapy; answer B is a side effect; and answer D is not related to the question.    




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